The gallbladder is an organ which rests beneath the right side of a person’s liver and is shaped like a pear. It collects and concentrates digestive liquid, or bile, produced by the liver. The bile is directed to the small intestines through tubular channels called bile ducts. The organ frequently becomes the cause of a person’s abdominal pain or discomfort.
The discomfort and functional issues are usually caused by gallstones. Gallstones are small, hard “stones” which are made up of bile salts and cholesterol. The stones block the flow of bile out of the gallbladder. This causes the organ to swell and causes sharp pain, indigestion, vomiting, and occasionally fever. Jaundice can also occur if the stone is clogging the common bile duct.
While gallstones can be treated with a change in diet and the use of treatments designed to dissolve or break up the gallstones, they are largely unsuccessful and the issue will probably return. The best method used to treat gallstones in gallbladder removal surgery. Removal of the gallbladder has not been shown to interfere with a person’s digestion.
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a procedure whereby the gallbladder is removed using specially designed instruments and a camera on the end of a thin flexible tube which are inserted into the abdominal cavity through four small incisions. This minimally invasive procedure offers less discomfort, faster recovery and only leaves small scars. The surgery begins with the application of anesthesia. Then Dr. Rossidis will make four incisions in the abdomen of a half inch or less. The narrow plastics tubes, or laparoscopic ports are placed in the incisions to allow the laparoscope and three small instruments specifically designed to cut off the gallbladder from the liver and bile duct. The surgeon can see the whole procedure and the internal organs on a live video feed supplied by the camera at the end of the laparoscope. Once the gallbladder is successfully detached and removed, the instruments are removed and the incisions closed.
Laparoscopic surgery has much shorter and easier recover expectations than traditional open surgery. The patient will be able to go home on the day of or the day after the procedure. Normal activities are typically resumed within a week, although heavy lifting and more strenuous activity should not be undertaken until the doctor gives approval. Patients will be able to walk regularly and shower on the day following the procedure.
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