Breast cancer is usually diagnosed with a combination of screening methods and tissue sample analysis. Tissue samples, or biopsies are a minor surgical procedure where a small sample of the tissue and cells suspected of cancer are removed and analyzed for abnormality. Many patients will have an abnormal result during a routine screening like a mammogram and the physician will order further testing to determine the root cause of the abnormality. In many cases a biopsy will be needed to complete the diagnoses. Biopsies can be collected with a variety of procedures including fine-needle aspiration, nipple aspiration, ductal lavage, core needle biopsy and local surgical excision. When combined with radiographic imaging, these tests allow for accurate diagnoses of breast cancer.
Surgery is the primary treatment for localized breast cancer tumors, with possible chemotherapy, radiation therapy or adjuvant hormonal therapy with tamoxifen or an aromatase inhibitor. Some of the common surgical treatments include:
Before surgery is scheduled, the patient will undergo extensive testing to ensure that surgery is the best option to address the cancer. The surgeons at Bay Surgical Specialists will also use tests like a Polymerase Chain Reaction or microarray tests to predict cancer recurrence risk. This will help to determine the best course of treatment as well as any postoperative procedures or care to prevent the cancer from returning. The surgeon will provide pre-operative instructions which may include advising to not consume any foods or beverages for a certain time period before surgery. He will suggest to avoid tobacco products and smoking as it can impede the healing process. Patients will also have an opportunity to discuss the procedure with the surgeon and ask any questions. It is normal to be anxious about surgery, and Dr. Huguet and his team will do their best to put the patient at ease.
This is a short-list of just some of the plans we accept. Please contact our office if you do not see your insurance provider listed.